Supplementary material from "A framework for experimental scenarios of global change in marine systems using coral reefs as a case study"

  • Nathan Geraldi (Creator)
  • Shannon Klein (Creator)
  • Andrea Anton Gamazo (Creator)
  • Carlos Duarte (Creator)



Understanding the consequences of rising CO$_{2}$ and warming on marine ecosystems is a pressing issue in ecology. Manipulative experiments that assess responses of biota to future ocean warming and acidification conditions form a necessary basis for expectations on how marine taxa may respond. Although designing experiments in the context of local variability is most appropriate, local temperature and CO$_{2}$ characteristics are often unknown as such measures necessitate significant resources, and even less is known about local future scenarios. To help address these issues, we summarize current uncertainties in CO$_{2}$ emission trajectories and climate sensitivity, examine region-specific changes in the ocean, and present a straightforward global framework to guide experimental designs. We advocate for the inclusion of multiple plausible future scenarios of predicted levels of ocean warming and acidification in forthcoming experimental research. Growing a robust experimental base is crucial to understanding the prospect form and function of marine ecosystems in the Anthropocene.
Date made available2019
PublisherThe Royal Society

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