3D High Spatial Resolution Visualisation and Quantification of Interconnectivity in Polymer Films.

C Fager, S Barman, M Röding, A Olsson, N Lorén, C von Corswant, D Bolin, H Rootzén, E Olsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A porous network acts as transport paths for drugs through films for controlled drug release. The interconnectivity of the network strongly influences the transport properties. It is therefore important to quantify the interconnectivity and correlate it to transport properties for control and design of new films. This work presents a novel method for 3D visualisation and analysis of interconnectivity. High spatial resolution 3D data on porous polymer films for controlled drug release has been acquired using a focused ion beam (FIB) combined with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The data analysis method enables visualisation of pore paths starting at a chosen inlet pore, dividing them into groups by length, enabling a more detailed quantification and visualisation. The method also enables identification of the central features of the porous network by quantification of channels where pore paths coincide. The method was applied to FIB-SEM data of three leached ethyl cellulose (EC)/hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) films with different weight percentages. The results from the analysis were consistent with the experimentally measured release properties of the films. The interconnectivity and porosity increase with increasing amount of HPC. The bottleneck effect was strong in the leached film with lowest porosity.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119622
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
StatePublished - Jul 15 2020


Dive into the research topics of '3D High Spatial Resolution Visualisation and Quantification of Interconnectivity in Polymer Films.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this