A deep attention-driven model to forecast solar irradiance

Abdelkader Dairi, Fouzi Harrou, Ying Sun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


Accurately forecasting solar irradiance is indispensable in optimally managing and designing photovoltaic systems. It enables the efficient integration of photovoltaic systems in the smart grid. This paper introduces an innovative deep attention-driven model for solar irradiance forecasting. Notably, an extended version of the variational autoencoder (VAE) is introduced by amalgamating the desirable characteristics of the bidirectional LSTM (BiLSTM) and attention mechanism with the VAE model. Specifically, the introduced approach enables the conventional VAE’s ability to model temporal dependencies by incorporating BiLSTM at the VAE’s encoder side to better extract and learn temporal dependencies embed on the solar irradiance concentration measurements. In addition, the self-attention mechanism is embedded in the VAE’s encoder side following the BiLSTM to highlight pertinent features. The performance of the proposed model is evaluated through comparisons with the recurrent neural network (RNN), gated recurrent unit (GRU), LSTM, and BiLSTM. Measurements of solar irradiance in the US and Turkey are used to evaluate the investigated models. Results confirm the superior performance of the proposed model for solar irradiance forecasting over the other models (i.e., RNN, GRU, LSTM, and BiLSTM).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 IEEE 19th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-4396-5
StatePublished - 2021


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