1,1-Diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene (FOX-7 or DADNE) is a promising ingredient of the low-vulnerability propellants. However, one of the major concerns in its further development and applications is the lack of detailed kinetic mechanism for its initial decomposition in the gas phase. In this study, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism consisting of 38 species and 131 reactions was developed to describe the initial decomposition process of FOX-7. At first, a comprehensive reaction network was established with the aid of reactive molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. Then, the potential energy surfaces (PES) for both unimolecular and bimolecular reactions were identified at the QCISD(T)/CBS//M062X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. The rate coefficients were obtained by solving RRKM/ME, and the thermochemical properties of relevant species were calculated at CBS-APNO/G3/G4 levels with the atomization method. Finally, these kinetic and thermochemistry data were processed into a kinetic mechanism and used to simulate the initial decomposition process of FOX-7. The results demonstrated that the H-atom transfer to the distant C-atom followed by the nitro elimination dominates the initial decomposition, and the reaction FOX-7 = R3a + NO2 becomes the most significant one under high temperatures (Channel C3). Besides, bimolecular reactions play a role as the decomposition goes on. Overall, this work provides quantitative predictions of the reaction pathways of gas-phase FOX-7 initial decomposition, and it would serve as a solid foundation for the development of a fully detailed combustion kinetic mechanism for FOX-7.
|Combustion and Flame
|Published - Sep 1 2023