A Low-Swelling Polymeric Mixed Conductor Operating in Aqueous Electrolytes.

Tommaso Nicolini, Jokubas Surgailis, Achilleas Savva, Alberto Davide Scaccabarozzi, Rana Nakar, Damien Thuau, Guillaume Wantz, Lee J Richter, Olivier Dautel, Georges Hadziioannou, Natalie Stingelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Organic mixed conductors find use in batteries, bioelectronics technologies, neuromorphic computing, and sensing. While great progress has been achieved, polymer-based mixed conductors frequently experience significant volumetric changes during ion uptake/rejection, i.e., during doping/de-doping and charging/discharging. Although ion dynamics may be enhanced in expanded networks, these volumetric changes can have undesirable consequences, e.g., negatively affecting hole/electron conduction and severely shortening device lifetime. Here, the authors present a new material poly[3-(6-hydroxy)hexylthiophene] (P3HHT) that is able to transport ions and electrons/holes, as tested in electrochemical absorption spectroscopy and organic electrochemical transistors, and that exhibits low swelling, attributed to the hydroxylated alkyl side-chain functionalization. P3HHT displays a thickness change upon passive swelling of only +2.5%, compared to +90% observed for the ubiquitous poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate, and +10 to +15% for polymers such as poly(2-(3,3'-bis(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)-[2,2'-bithiophen]-5-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophene) (p[g2T-TT]). Applying a bias pulse during swelling, this discrepancy becomes even more pronounced, with the thickness of P3HHT films changing by
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2005723
JournalAdvanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
StatePublished - Nov 30 2020


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