A multiscale study of the coupling effects of H2S impurity and dissolution reactions on convective mixing in CO2 geological storage

Long Ju, Zhaoli Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In the present work, a multi-scale study of density-driven flow in CO2 geological storage coupled with H2S impurity and solid–liquid chemical reactions is conducted. Linear stability analysis is first performed to predict the initial interfacial instability at Darcy scale. The nonlinear simulations based on the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) are further conducted to capture more information of the long term mixing behaviors at pore scale. The results of theoretical analysis and numerical simulations demonstrate that the miscible interface stability and convective mixing processes are determined by the competition among the gravitational instability and the reaction-infiltration instability. As the chemical reaction intensifies, the system gradually becomes dominated by reaction-infiltration instability from gravitational instability. The presence of H2S could suppress the gravitational instability but enhance the infiltration instability, thus, it has completely different effects under slow and fast reaction conditions. This investigation could improve our understand for the coupling effects of CO2 and H2S on the miscible interface stability and density-driven convective mixing process, which is significative for engineering of geological storage of CO2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number128261
StatePublished - Oct 15 2023


  • Density driven convective mixing
  • Lattice Boltzmann method
  • Linear stability analysis
  • Sequestration of impure carbon dioxide
  • solid-liquid chemical reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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