A non-communication based protection algorithm for multi-terminal HVDC grids

Ahmed E.B. Abu-Elanien*, Ayman S. Abdel-Khalik, Ahmed M. Massoud, Shehab Ahmed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


This paper introduces a non-communication based protection algorithm for Multi-Terminal High Voltage Direct Current (MTHVDC) transmission lines. The algorithm relies on using electrical current data at one end for identification of the fault zone without communication between relays. The concept is to use the fault generated transients to differentiate between internal and external faults. Shunt capacitors with predetermined values are installed at the boundary between each two HVDC line sections to assist, together with the busbar stray capacitance, in the classification of internal faults. The high frequency transients will reach the relaying point without any attenuation if the fault is internal; nevertheless, the high frequency transients will be highly attenuated if the fault is external due to the stray capacitance and the installed shunt capacitor at the connection busbar. Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is used to analyze the fault current signals. MTHVDC system modeling and relay design are carried out in the MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. The results of the proposed algorithm were highly reliable regarding different types of faults with different fault resistances and at various locations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-51
Number of pages11
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • HVDC
  • Protection of multi-terminal HVDC
  • Wavelet transform
  • Wind farm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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