L-band Digital Aeronautical Communication System (LDACS) is an emerging standard that aims at enhancing air traffic management by transitioning the traditional analog aeronautical communication systems to the superior and highly efficient digital domain. The standard places stringent requirements on the communication channels to allow them to coexist with critical L-band systems, requiring complex processing and filters in baseband. Approaches based on cognitive radio are also proposed since this allows tremendous increase in communication capacity and spectral efficiency. This requires high computational capability in airborne vehicles that can perform the complex filtering and masking, along with tasks associated with cognitive radio systems like spectrum sensing and baseband adaptation, while consuming very less power. This paper proposes a radio architecture based on new generation FPGAs that offers advanced capabilities like partial reconfiguration. The proposed architecture allows non-concurrent baseband modules to be dynamically loaded only when they are required, resulting in improved energy efficiency, without sacrificing performance. We evaluate the case of non-concurrent spectrum sensing logic and transmission filters on our cognitive radio platform based on Xilinx Zynq, and show that our approach results in 28.3% reduction in DSP utilisation leading to lower energy consumption at run-time.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference - Proceedings|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.|
|State||Published - Dec 7 2016|