A Survey of Surface-Based Illustrative Rendering for Visualization

Kai Lawonn, Ivan Viola, Bernhard Preim, Tobias Isenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


In this paper, we survey illustrative rendering techniques for 3D surface models. We first discuss the field of illustrative visualization in general and provide a new definition for this sub-area of visualization. For the remainder of the survey, we then focus on surface-based models. We start by briefly summarizing the differential geometry fundamental to many approaches and discuss additional general requirements for the underlying models and the methods' implementations. We then provide an overview of low-level illustrative rendering techniques including sparse lines, stippling and hatching, and illustrative shading, connecting each of them to practical examples of visualization applications. We also mention evaluation approaches and list various application fields, before we close with a discussion of the state of the art and future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-234
Number of pages30
JournalComputer Graphics Forum
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • scientific visualization
  • visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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