Acceleration for Compressed Gradient Descent in Distributed and Federated Optimization

Zhize Li, Dmitry Kovalev, Xun Qian, Peter Richtarik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

40 Scopus citations


Due to the high communication cost in distributed and federated learning problems, methods relying on compression of communicated messages are becoming increasingly popular. While in other contexts the best performing gradient-type methods invariably rely on some form of acceleration/momentum to reduce the number of iterations, there are no methods which combine the benefits of both gradient compression and acceleration. In this paper, we remedy this situation and propose the first accelerated compressed gradient descent (ACGD) methods. In the single machine regime, we prove that ACGD enjoys the rate O ((1 + omega) root L/mu log 1/epsilon) for mu-strongly convex problems and O ((1 + omega )root L/epsilon )for convex problems, respectively, where w is the compression parameter. Our results improve upon the ex- isting non-accelerated rates O ((1 + omega) L/mu log 1/epsilon) and O ((1 + omega ) L/epsilon), respectively, and recover the optimal rates of accelerated gradient descent as a special case when no compression (omega = 0) is applied. We further propose a distributed variant of ACGD (called ADIANA) and prove the convergence rate (O) over tilde (omega + root L/mu + root(omega/n +root omega/n)omega L/mu) , where n is the number of devices/workers and hides the logarithmic factor log This improves upon the previous best result (O) over tilde (omega + L/mu+omega L/n mu) achieved by the DIANA method of Mishchenko et al. (2019). Finally, we conduct several experiments on real-world datasets which corroborate our theoretical results and confirm the practical superiority of our accelerated methods.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Machine Learning (ICML)
StatePublished - 2020


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