Adsorption equilibria and kinetics of CO2 and N2 on activated carbon beads

Chunzhi Shen, Carlos A. Grande, Ping Li, Jianguo Yu, Alirio E. Rodrigues

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

Knowledge of adsorption equilibria and kinetics of pure gases is required for designing an adsorption process for a new material that can be scaled-up to large amounts. In this work, adsorption equilibrium data of CO2 and N2 on pitch-based activated carbon (AC) beads at 303, 333, 363, 393, and 423K ranging from 0 to 100kPa and at 303, 333K ranging from 0 to 4000kPa were presented. The adsorption capacity is 1.918mol/kg for CO2 and 0.270mol/kg for N2 at 303K and 100 kPa. The full set of data was fitted with both Virial adsorption equation and multisite Langmuir model. The diffusion of single gases in the microporous structure of AC beads was studied by diluted breakthrough experiments performed over the same temperature range of 303-423K. A mathematical model was employed in the simulation of breakthrough curves. It was determined that for CO2 and N2, the controlling mechanism is micropore diffusion. The micropore diffusivity constant (Dc/rc2) for carbon dioxide and nitrogen obtained at 303K is 1.058×10-2 and 7.185×10-2s-1, respectively. The data reported in this work allows modeling of any adsorption processes with this new material. © 2010.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-407
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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