This study used a multigrid-based convolutional neural network architecture known as MgNet in operator learning to solve numerical partial differential equations (PDEs). Given the property of smoothing iterations in multigrid methods where low-frequency errors decay slowly, we introduced a low-frequency correction structure for residuals to enhance the standard V-cycle MgNet. The enhanced MgNet model can capture the low-frequency features of solutions considerably better than the standard V-cycle MgNet. The numerical results obtained using some standard operator learning tasks are better than those obtained using many state-of-the-art methods, demonstrating the efficiency of our model. Moreover, numerically, our new model is more robust in case of low- and high-resolution data during training and testing, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics
- Computers in Earth Sciences
- Computer Science Applications