Autoignition quality of gasoline fuels in partially premixed combustion in diesel engines

G. T. Kalghatgi, L. Hildingsson, A. J. Harrison, B. Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


A single-cylinder diesel engine has been run on gasolines of different octane numbers and on model fuels, mixtures of iso-octane, n-heptane and toluene, at different operating conditions. The autoignition quality of the fuel is best described by an Octane Index, OI = (1 - K) · RON + K · MON for fuels in the gasoline autoignition range where RON and MON are, respectively, the Research and Motor Octane numbers and K is an empirical constant which is measured to be negative. Hence for a given RON, a non-paraffinic fuel, of lower MON, will have higher OI and more resistance to autoignition. For a given operating condition, ignition delay increases non-linearly with OI and changes little over the autoignition range of practical diesel fuels. Heat release following the autoignition is influenced by the stratification which will increase as the time between the end of injection and start of combustion decreases and combustion phasing parameters such as Combustion Delay, the difference between the 50% burn time and the start of injection, become less correlated with fuel autoignition quality. Higher ignition delays facilitate premixed combustion in the diesel engine. If two fuels have similar combustion phasing at the same injection timing, their emissions performance is also similar. Hence a good surrogate for gasoline in partially premixed compression ignition engines is a mixture of toluene, iso-octane and n-heptane with the same RON and MON.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3015-3021
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Autoignition
  • CI engines
  • Gasoline
  • Octane Index
  • Reference fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Autoignition quality of gasoline fuels in partially premixed combustion in diesel engines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this