Bayesian and variational Bayesian approaches for flows in heterogeneous random media

Keren Yang, Nilabja Guha*, Yalchin Efendiev, Bani K. Mallick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this paper, we study porous media flows in heterogeneous stochastic media. We propose an efficient forward simulation technique that is tailored for variational Bayesian inversion. As a starting point, the proposed forward simulation technique decomposes the solution into the sum of separable functions (with respect to randomness and the space), where each term is calculated based on a variational approach. This is similar to Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). Next, we apply a multiscale technique to solve for each term (as in [1]) and, further, decompose the random function into 1D fields. As a result, our proposed method provides an approximation hierarchy for the solution as we increase the number of terms in the expansion and, also, increase the spatial resolution of each term. We use the hierarchical solution distributions in a variational Bayesian approximation to perform uncertainty quantification in the inverse problem. We conduct a detailed numerical study to explore the performance of the proposed uncertainty quantification technique and show the theoretical posterior concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-293
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
StatePublished - Sep 15 2017


  • Proper generalized decomposition
  • Uncertainty quantification
  • Variational Bayesian method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Bayesian and variational Bayesian approaches for flows in heterogeneous random media'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this