Box-Relaxation for BPSK Recovery in Massive MIMO: A Precise Analysis under Correlated Channels

Ayed Alrashdi, Houssem Sifaou, Abla Kammoun, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


In this paper, we consider the problem of recovering a binary phase shift keying (BPSK) modulated signal in a massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) system. The recovery process is done using the box-relaxation method, in which the discrete set $\{\pm 1\}^{n}$ is relaxed to the convex set $[-1,\ +1]^{n}$ and solved by a convex optimization program followed by hard thresholding. We assume that the system has a Gaussian channel matrix with one sided left correlation. The entries of the noise vector are assumed to be independent and identically distributed (iid $\rangle$ zero-mean Gaussian. In this work, we precisely characterize the mean squared error (MSE) and the bit error rate (BER) of the box-relaxation decoder in the asymptotic regime where both dimensions grow simultaneously large at a fixed ratio. Numerical simulations validate the theoretical expressions derived in this paper.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-5090-1
StatePublished - 2020


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