Broad-band seismic analysis and modeling of the 2015 Taan Fjord, Alaska landslide using Instaseis

Lucia Gualtieri, Göran Ekström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We carry out a broad-band analysis of the seismic signals generated by a massive landslide that occurred near Icy Bay (Alaska) on 2015 October 17. The event generated seismic signals recorded globally. Using Instaseis, a recently developed tool for rapid computation of complete broad-band synthetic seismograms, we simulate the seismic wave propagation between the event and five seismic stations located around the landslide. By modeling the broad-band seismograms in the period band 5-200 s, we reconstruct by inversion a time-varying point force to characterize the landslide time history. We compute the broad-band spectrum of the landslide force history and find that it has a corner period of about 100 s, corresponding to the duration of sliding. In contrast with standard earthquakes, the landslide force spectrum below the corner frequency decays as ?, while the spectral amplitudes at higher frequencies is proportional to ω-2, similar to the rate of spectral decay seen in earthquakes. From the inverted force history and an estimate of the final run-out distance, we deduce the mass, the trajectory and characteristics of the landslide dynamics associated with the centre of mass, such as acceleration, velocity, displacement and friction. Inferring an effective run-out distance of ~900 m from a satellite image, we estimate a landslide mass of ~150 million metric tons.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1912-1923
Number of pages12
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 6 2018
Externally publishedYes


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