BSA Interaction, Molecular Docking, and Antibacterial Activity of Zinc(II) Complexes Containing the Sterically Demanding Biomimetic N3 S2 Ligand: The Effect of Structure Flexibility

Eman Soliman, Mohamed M. Ibrahim, Mohamed E. El-Khouly, Ibrahim El-Mehasseb, Abd El Motaleb M. Ramadan, Magdy E. Mahfouz, Shaban Y. Shaban, Rudi van Eldik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two zinc(II) complexes, DBZ and DBZH4, that have (ZnN3 S2 ) cores and differ in the bridging mode of the ligating backbone, effectively bind to BSA. The binding affinity varies as DBZ > DBZH4 and depends on the ligand structure. At low concentrations, both complexes exhibit dynamic quenching, whereas at higher concentrations they exhibit mixed (static and dynamic) quenching. The energy transfer mechanism from the BSA singlet excited state to DBZ and DBZH4, is highly likely according to steady-state fluorescence and time-correlated singlet photon counting. Molecular docking was used to support the mode of interaction of the complexes with BSA and showed that DBZ had more energy for binding. Furthermore, antibacterial testing revealed that both complexes were active but to a lesser extent than chloramphenicol. In comparison to DBZH4, DBZ has higher antibacterial activity, which is consistent with the binding constants, molecular docking, and particle size of adducts. These findings may have an impact on biomedicine.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecules
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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