Bulk viscosity and its unstable behavior upon storage in polyimide precursor solutions

Yuejin Tong, Tianxi Liu, Subramanian Veeramani, Tai Shung Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The bulk viscosity behavior of poly(amic acid) and its amine salt solutions, PAA(ODPA/o-tolidine) and PAS(ODPA/o-tolidine), has been investigated. Both PAA(ODPA/o-tolidine) and PAS(ODPA/o-tolidine) solutions show strong concentration and molecular weight dependence on bulk viscosity, and display critical values on the concentration dependence of bulk viscosity because of increasing the molecular chain interactions and entanglements. PAA(ODPA/o-tolidine) possesses a higher bulk viscosity than PAS(ODPA/o-tolidine) at the same concentration, indicating a stronger resistance to shear flow. The temperature dependence of bulk viscosity follows the exponential Arrhenius type relation. The activation energies of the fluids depend on the nature, concentration, and molecular weight of the polymers used. It has been found that both PAA(ODPA/o-tolidine) and PAS(ODPA/o-tolidine) solutions inherently have poor bulk viscosity stability upon storage. The bulk viscosity of the polymer solutions decreases dramatically with time upon storage at room temperature while increasing during the storage at -18 °C. A molecular mechanism in terms of a "temporary junction" is suggested to explain the bulk viscosity behavior of PAA(ODPA/o-tolidine) and PAS(ODPA/o-tolidine) in concentrated solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4266-4272
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number17
StatePublished - Aug 21 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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