Calculated concentration distributions and time histories of key species in an acoustically forced laminar flame

Kae Ken Foo, Michael J. Evans, Zhiwei Sun, Paul R. Medwell, Zeyad T. Alwahabi, Graham J. Nathan, Bassam B. Dally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A numerical study of the fluid-chemical interactions in a steady and time-varying laminar non-premixed jet flame was conducted to advance understanding of the complex interplay between the flame chemistry, fluid dynamics and soot evolution. Modelling of the steady flame is performed with two alternative reduced mechanisms and compared with the significant body of experimental data that are now available to provide confidence in the calculated values of mixture fraction, which was not previously available. A Method-of-Moments soot model with a 47-species mechanism provides much better agreement with the measured soot volume fraction than does a 32-species mechanism, but both mechanisms predict both the temporal and spatial profiles of mixture fraction to agree within 6%. Nevertheless, neither scheme predicts a reduction in temperature that coincides approximately with the location immediately upstream from the measured soot field. The calculations of the unsteady flame also reveal new insights about the cause of the pinch-off point and the neck zone, together with the role of buoyancy at the flame tip.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-203
Number of pages15
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume204
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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