Challenges associated with cellulose composite material: Facet engineering and prospective.

Tariq Aziz, Fazal Haq, Arshad Farid, Mehwish Kiran, Shah Faisal, Asmat Ullah, Naveed Ullah, Awais Bokhari, Muhammad Mubashir, Lai Fatt Chuah, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide on earth. It has a large number of desirable properties. Its low toxicity makes it more useful for a variety of applications. Nowadays, its composites are used in most engineering fields. Composite consists of a polymer matrix and use as a reinforcing material. By reducing the cost of traditional fibers, it has an increasing demand for environment-friendly purposes. The use of these types of composites is inherent in moisture absorption with hindered natural fibers. This determines the reduction of polymer composite material. By appropriate chemical surface treatment of cellulose composite materials, the effect could be diminished. The most modern and advanced techniques and methods for the preparation of cellulose and polymer composites are discussed here. Cellulosic composites show a reinforcing effect on the polymer matrix as pointed out by mechanical characterization. Researchers tried their hard work to study different ways of converting various agricultural by-products into useful eco-friendly polymer composites for sustainable production. Cellulose plays building blocks, that are critical for polymer products and their engineering applications. The most common method used to prepare composites is in-situ polymerization. This help to increase the yields of cellulosic composites with a significant enhancement in thermal stability and mechanical properties. Recently, cellulose composites used as enhancing the incorporation of inorganic materials in multi-functional properties. Furthermore, we have summarized in this review the potential applications of cellulose composites in different fields like packaging, aerogels, hydrogels, and fibers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115429
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - Feb 8 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science


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