Characterising the loading direction sensitivity of 3D woven composites: Effect of z-binder architecture

Mohamed Nasr Saleh, Arief Yudhanto, Prasad Potluri, Gilles Lubineau, Constantinos Soutis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations


Three different architectures of 3D carbon fibre woven composites (orthogonal, ORT; layer-to-layer, LTL; angle interlock, AI) were tested in quasi-static uniaxial tension. Mechanical tests (tensile in on-axis of warp and weft directions as well as 45 degrees off-axis) were carried out with the aim to study the loading direction sensitivity of these 3D woven composites. The z-binder architecture (the through-thickness reinforcement) has an effect on void content, directional fibre volume fraction, mechanical properties (on-axis and off-axis), failure mechanisms, energy absorption and fibre rotation angle in off-axis tested specimens. Out of all the examined architectures, 3D orthogonal woven composites (ORT) demonstrated a superior behaviour, especially when they were tested in 45 degrees off-axis direction, indicated by high strain to failure (similar to 23%) and high translaminar energy absorption (similar to 40 MJ/m(3)). The z-binder yarns in ORT architecture suppress the localised damage and allow larger fibre rotation during the fibre
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-588
Number of pages12
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
StatePublished - Aug 29 2016


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