Surface ozone (O3) pollution has become one of the top environmental issues in recent years around the world and can be influenced by meteorological processes on multiple scales. Understanding the meteorological mechanism and contributions of O3 pollution is of great importance for O3 mitigation. In this study, we explored the impacts of meteorological conditions on O3 concentrations in a coastal city in Southeast China, with a particular focus on O3 pollution episodes inspringtime. A significant increase in the O3 pollution ratefrom 2015 to 2020 was observed (41.7% year−1) and the seasonal characteristics of O3 concentrations showed a two-peak pattern. We selected 12 pollution episodes during the springtime of 2015 to 2020 and identified four dominant synoptic weather patterns (SWPs) that could cause O3 pollution. The local meteorological conditions and vertical dynamic structures under different SWPs were analyzed. The results showed that high O3 levels tend to be associated with high temperature, weak wind, low relative humidity, and deep vertical sinking motion. We also established a quantitative linkage between the O3 values and meteorological factors. Based on meteorological conditions, 60.8~80.8% of the variation in O3 can be explained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Atmospheric Science