Characterizing the 2022- Russo-Ukrainian Conflict Through the Lenses of Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis: Dataset, Methodology, and Key Findings

Maurantonio Caprolu, Alireza Sadighian, Roberto Di Pietro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Online social networks (OSNs) play a crucial role in modern society by supporting free expression, information sharing, and social movement organization. However, they are also the tool of choice to spread disinformation, hate speech, and support propaganda. As such, it is crucial to analyze OSNs, particularly during critical events such as elections, pandemics, and conflicts, when disinformation campaigns may seek to undermine the democratic values of a nation. This paper analyzes the general-public perception of the first phases of the 2022- Russo-Ukrainian conflict on Twitter. To this end, we developed a general methodology consisting of several steps. We built a dataset of 5.5+ million tweets related to the subject, generated by 1.8+ million unique users. Then, we cluster users into five categories, and combining statistical analysis and aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA), we quantitatively and qualitatively investigate the spread of information during the conflict. Our analysis revealed several important insights, including anomalies in the behavior of specific user categories and their sentiment trends and a spike in the daily account creation rate before the conflict. Other than being interesting on their own, our findings also have significant implications for future research on how disinformation campaigns are executed and on developing effective strategies to mitigate their impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICCCN 2023 - 2023 32nd International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9798350336184
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event32nd International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN 2023 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 24 2023Jul 27 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN
Volume2023-July
ISSN (Print)1095-2055

Conference

Conference32nd International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period07/24/2307/27/23

Keywords

  • 2022-Russo-Ukrainian Conflict
  • Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis
  • Data Analysis
  • Data Mining
  • Disinformation
  • Fake-news
  • Online Social Networks
  • Propaganda
  • Twitter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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