Colloidal Cu4I4 Clusters for High-Resolution X-ray Imaging Scintillation Screens

Yang Zhou, Tengyue He, Peng Yuan, Jun Yin, Shulin Chen, Luis Gutierrez Arzaluz, Lijie Wang, Osman Bakr, Omar F. Mohammed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Luminescent copper halide clusters have attracted wide attention in light-emitting diodes and optical sensors due to their intriguing physicochemical properties and diverse chemical structures. Recently, the clusters have also been explored as promising scintillation materials due to the heavy copper halide cores that provide a large absorption cross section for X-ray radiation. However, the related research on copper halide cluster scintillators is only in its infancy, and the scintillation performance of the clusters still lags behind that of perovskite and its related metal halide structures. Here we report 0D cubane-like Cu4I4(L)4 (L = 4-benzylpyridine or 4-tert-butylpyridine) clusters with broad emission band, high photoluminescence quantum yield (>85%), and a large Stokes shift. Density functional theory calculations demonstrate that the emission of both clusters mainly originates from the ligand-to-core charge transfer state. Besides, we successfully synthesized the colloidal cluster microcrystals and fabricated microcrystal-based films for X-ray imaging applications. We found that the cluster-based X-ray screens exhibited high light yields (>30000 photons MeV–1), low detection limits (
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2002-2008
Number of pages7
JournalACS Materials Letters
StatePublished - Jun 26 2023


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