The ability of bone char to remove three single-component metals (namely, cadmium, copper and zinc) from aqueous solutions has been studied. Equilibrium isotherms have been measured and analyzed using a Langmuir isotherm model. A series of batch contact time experiments were performed to study the effect of sorbent mass and initial metal ion concentration for the three systems. A new film-pore diffusion model has been applied to the batch contact time results, and good correlation is obtained between theoretical predictions and experimental data. A further extension to the new model was made to include a surface diffusion term. The agreement between theoretical results and experimental data improved as the sum of the squares of the errors (SSE) improved by around 20% for cadmium and zinc but by 50% for copper. Therefore, the sorptions of cadmium and zinc ions onto bone char are primarily film-pore diffusion controlled, but for the copper system film-pore-surface diffusion must be considered.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry