Computational plenoptic imaging

Gordon Wetzstein, Ivo Ihrke, Douglas Lanman, Wolfgang Heidrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The plenoptic function is a ray-based model for light that includes the colour spectrum as well as spatial, temporal and directional variation. Although digital light sensors have greatly evolved in the last years, one fundamental limitation remains: all standard CCD and CMOS sensors integrate over the dimensions of the plenoptic function as they convert photons into electrons; in the process, all visual information is irreversibly lost, except for a two-dimensional, spatially varying subset-the common photograph. In this state-of-the-art report, we review approaches that optically encode the dimensions of the plenoptic function transcending those captured by traditional photography and reconstruct the recorded information computationally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2397-2426
Number of pages30
JournalComputer Graphics Forum
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Computational photography
  • Image acquisition
  • The plenoptic function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Computational plenoptic imaging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this