Brownfields and depleting conventional resources of fossil fuel energy are not enough to fulfill the tremendously increasing energy demands around the globe. Unconventional oil and gas resources are creating a huge impact on the enhancement of the global economy. Tight rocks are usually located in deep and high-strength formations. In this study, numerical simulation results on a new thermochemical fracturing approach is presented. The new fracturing approach was implemented to reduce the breakdown pressure of the unconventional tight formations. The hydraulic fracturing experiments presented in this study were carried out on ultra-tight cement block samples. The permeability of the block samples was less than 0.005mD. Thermochemical fracturing was carried out by a thermochemical fluids that caused a rapid exothermic reaction which resulted in the instantaneous generation of heat and pressure. Different salts of nitrogen such as sodium nitrite and ammonium chloride were used as a thermochemical fluid. The instantaneous generation of the heat and pressure caused the creation of micro-cracks. The fracturing results revealed that the novel thermochemical fracturing was able to reduce the breakdown pressure in ultra-tight cement from 1095 psi to 705 psi. The reference breakdown pressure was recorded from the conventional fracturing technique. A finite element (FEM) analysis was conducted using commercial software ABAQUS. In FEM, two approaches were used to model the thermochemical fractures namely, cohesive zone modeling (CZM) and concrete damage plasticity models (CDP). The sensitivity analysis of peak pressure and time to reach the peak pressure is also presented in this study. The sensitivity analysis can help in better designing thermochemical fluids that could lead to the maximum generation of micro-cracks and multiple fractures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Society of Petroleum Engineers - Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021|
|Publisher||Society of Petroleum Engineers|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2021|