Deposition of low sheet resistance indium tin oxide directly onto functional small molecules

Joseph B. Franklin, Luke R. Fleet, Claire H. Burgess, Martyn A. McLachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We outline a methodology for depositing tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) directly onto semiconducting organic small molecule films for use as a transparent conducting oxide top-electrode. ITO films were grown using pulsed laser deposition onto copper(II)phthalocyanine (CuPc):buckminsterfullerene (C60) coated substrates. The ITO was deposited at a substrate temperature of 150 °C over a wide range of background oxygen pressures (Pd) (0.67-10 Pa). Deposition at 0.67 ≤ Pd ≤ 4.7 Pa led to delamination of the organic films owing to damage induced by the high energy ablated particles, at intermediate 4.7 ≤ Pd < 6.7 Pa pressures macroscopic cracking is observed in the ITO. Increasing Pd further, ≥ 6.7 Pa, supports the deposition of continuous, polycrystalline and highly transparent ITO films without damage to the CuPc:C60. The free carrier concentration of ITO is strongly influenced by Pd; hence growth at > 6.7 Pa induces a significant decrease in conductivity; with a minimum sheet resistance (Rs) of 145 /□ achieved for 300 nm thick ITO films. To reduce the Rs a multi-pressure deposition was implemented, resulting in the formation of polycrystalline, highly transparent ITO with an Rs of - 20/□ whilst maintaining the inherent functionality and integrity of the small molecule substrate.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue numberPartA
StatePublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Deposition of low sheet resistance indium tin oxide directly onto functional small molecules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this