Design and characterization of ultra-stretchable monolithic silicon fabric

Jhonathan Prieto Rojas, Armando Arpys Arevalo Carreno, Ian G. Foulds, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


Stretchable electronic systems can play instrumental role for reconfigurable macro-electronics such as distributed sensor networks for wearable and bio-integrated electronics. Typically, polymer composite based materials and its deterministic design as interconnects are used to achieve such systems. Nonetheless, non-polymeric inorganic silicon is the predominant material for 90% of electronics. Therefore, we report the design and fabrication of an all silicon based network of hexagonal islands connected through spiral springs to form an ultra-stretchable arrangement for complete compliance to highly asymmetric shapes. Several design parameters are considered and their validation is carried out through finite element analysis. The fabrication process is based on conventional microfabrication techniques and the measured stretchability is more than 1000% for single spirals and area expansions as high as 30 folds in arrays. The reported method can provide ultra-stretchable and adaptable electronic systems for distributed network of high-performance macro-electronics especially useful for wearable electronics and bio-integrated devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number15
StatePublished - Oct 13 2014


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