Detection of atomic oxygen in a plasma-assisted flame via a backward lasing technique

Pengji Ding, Maria Ruchkina, Davide Del Cont-Bernard, Andreas Ehn, Deanna Lacoste, Joakim Bood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this Letter, we have investigated 845 nm lasing generation in atomic oxygen, present in a lean methane-air flame, using two-photon pumping with femtosecond 226 nm laser pulses, particularly focusing on the impact of nanosecond repetitively pulsed glow discharges forcing on the backward lasing signal. Characterizations of the backward lasing pulse, in terms of its spectrum, beam profile, pump pulse energy dependence, and divergence, were conducted to establish the presence of lasing. With plasma forcing of the flame, the backward lasing signal was observed to be enhanced significantly, ∼50%. The vertical concentration profile of atomic oxygen was revealed by measuring the backward lasing signal strength as a function of height in the flame. The results are qualitatively consistent with results obtained with two-dimensional femtosecond two-photon-absorption laser-induced fluorescence, suggesting that the backward lasing technique can be a useful tool for studies of plasma-assisted combustion processes, particularly in geometries requiring single-ended standoff detection.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5477
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 6 2019


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