Development and characterization of effective topical liposomal system for localized treatment of cutaneous candidiasis

Madhu Gupta, Amit K. Goyal, Shivani Rai Paliwal, Rishi Paliwal, Neeraj Mishra, Bhuvaneshwar Vaidya, Devyani Dube, Sanjay K. Jain, Suresh P. Vyas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


The localized delivery of fluconazole (FLZ) by conventional therapy is a major impediment in achieving its therapeutic efficacy against skin infections, such as cutaneous candidiasis. Therefore, the present study was aimed to develop FLZ-loaded vesicular construct(s), such as liposomes and niosomes, incorporated into carbopol gel (1%; w/w) for sustained, localized application. The liposomes and niosomes were prepared by the lipid/nonionic surfactant-based dry-film hydration method and were characterized for different parameters. In addition, antifungal activity was carried out on experimentally induced cutaneous candidiasis in immunosuppressed albino rats. The results showed that the size of liposomes and niosomes was found to be 0.348±0.054 and 0.326±0.033 μm with encapsulation efficiency of 31.8±1.36 and 27.6±1.08%, respectively. The skin-retention studies of FLZ from in vitro and in vivo experiments showed significantly higher accumulation of drug in the case of liposomal gel. The in vivo localization studies in viable skin showed that liposomal gel could produce 14.2-fold higher drug accumulation, compared with plain gel, while it was 3.3-fold more in the case of an equivalent-dose application in the form of niosomal gel. The antifungal study also confirmed the maximum therapeutic efficacy of liposomal gel, as the lowest number of cfu/mL was recorded following liposomal FLZ application. The studies signify the potential of liposomal gel for topical delivery of FLZ with increased accumulation of drug in various strata of skin vis-a-vis through sustained release of drug could maintain the localized effect, resulting in an effective treatment of a life-threatening cutaneous fungal infection. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-350
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Liposome Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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