Development of Two-dimensional Material Assisted Paper-based Flexible ECG Sensor

Abdulrahman Aljedaibi, Amit Kumar Goyal, Yehia Massoud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


This paper investigates the performance of 2D-materials (such as Graphene and Maxine) assisted paper substrate-based electrodes for electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in personalized and ubiquitous healthcare. As a cost-effective rapid prototyping, the paper substrate-based technique allows the personalization of electrode sizes and shapes. It can be used with a range of different inks to provide better skin contact, which provides a very efficient and accurate measurement of the ECG signal. We compare the performance of graphene and MXene ink-based electrodes, which are printed directly on a paper substrate using graphite pencil and drop cast methods. The time-frequency decomposition of the collected signals is explored and reported. The results demonstrate that both electrodes can record ECG information with comparable performance to conventional Ag/AgCl electrodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvanced Sensor Systems and Applications XIII
EditorsMinghong Yang, Chang-Seok Kim, Xinyu Fan, Jianzhong Zhang
ISBN (Electronic)9781510667914
StatePublished - 2023
EventAdvanced Sensor Systems and Applications XIII 2023 - Beijing, China
Duration: Oct 14 2023Oct 16 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceAdvanced Sensor Systems and Applications XIII 2023


  • ECG measurement
  • Flexible device
  • Pen on paper, 2D materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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