Direct Growth of III-Nitride Nanowire-Based Yellow Light-Emitting Diode on Amorphous Quartz Using Thin Ti Interlayer

Aditya Prabaswara, Jung Wook Min, Chao Zhao, Bilal Janjua, Daliang Zhang, Abdulrahman M. Albadri, Ahmed Y. Alyamani, Tien Khee Ng, Boon S. Ooi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Consumer electronics have increasingly relied on ultra-thin glass screen due to its transparency, scalability, and cost. In particular, display technology relies on integrating light-emitting diodes with display panel as a source for backlighting. In this study, we undertook the challenge of integrating light emitters onto amorphous quartz by demonstrating the direct growth and fabrication of a III-nitride nanowire-based light-emitting diode. The proof-of-concept device exhibits a low turn-on voltage of 2.6 V, on an amorphous quartz substrate. We achieved ~ 40% transparency across the visible wavelength while maintaining electrical conductivity by employing a TiN/Ti interlayer on quartz as a translucent conducting layer. The nanowire-on-quartz LED emits a broad linewidth spectrum of light centered at true yellow color (~ 590 nm), an important wavelength bridging the green-gap in solid-state lighting technology, with significantly less strain and dislocations compared to conventional planar quantum well nitride structures. Our endeavor highlighted the feasibility of fabricating III-nitride optoelectronic device on a scalable amorphous substrate through facile growth and fabrication steps. For practical demonstration, we demonstrated tunable correlated color temperature white light, leveraging on the broadly tunable nanowire spectral characteristics across red-amber-yellow color regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
StatePublished - 2018


  • Amorphous quartz
  • Gallium nitride
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Nanowires
  • True yellow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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