We present a discrete exterior calculus (DEC) based discretization scheme for incompressible two-phase flows. Our physically-compatible exterior calculus discretization of single phase flow is extended to simulate immiscible two-phase flows with discontinuous changes in fluid properties such as density and viscosity across the interface. The two-phase incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and conservative phase field equation for interface capturing are first transformed into the exterior calculus framework. The discrete counterpart of these smooth equations is obtained by substituting with discrete differential forms and discrete exterior calculus operators. We prove the boundedness of the method for the forward Euler and predictor-corrector time integration schemes in the DEC framework. With a proper choice of two free parameters, the scheme remains phase field bounded without the requirement of any ad hoc mass redistribution. We verify the scheme against several standard test cases (for interface capturing) comprising not only the flat domains but also the curved domains, leveraging the advantage that DEC operators are independent of the coordinate system. The results show excellent properties of boundedness, mass conservation and convergence. Moreover, we demonstrate the ability of the scheme to handle large density and viscosity ratios as well as surface tension in the simulation of various two phase flow physical phenomena on flat or curved surfaces.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Computer Science Applications