Background: OPCML belongs to the IgLON family of Ig domain-containing GPI-anchored cell adhesion molecules and was recently found to be involved in carcinogenesis, while its role in gastric cancer remains unclear. Methods: We assessed expression and biological behavior of OPCML in gastric cancer. Results: OPCML expression was markedly reduced in tumor tissues and cancer cell lines. Decreased OPCML expression had a significant association with unfavorable tumor stage (p = 0.007) and grading (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the results revealed that OPCML was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in gastric cancer (p = 0.002). In addition, ectopic expression of OPCML in cancer cells significantly inhibited cell viability (p < 0.01) and colony formation (p < 0.001), arrest cell cycle in G0/G1 phase and induced apoptosis, and suppressed tumor formation in nude mice. The alterations of phosphorylation status of AKT and its substrate GSK3β, up-regulation of pro-apoptotic regulators including caspase-3, caspase-9 and PARP, and up-regulation of cell cycle regulator p27, were implicated in the biological activity of OPCML in cancer cells. Conclusion: Down-regulated OPCML expression might serve as an independent predictor for unfavorable prognosis of patients, and the biological behavior supports its role as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research