Dual-pump coherent anti-stokes raman spectroscopy measurements in a dual-mode scramjet

Andrew D. Cutler, Gaetano Magnotti, Luca Cantu, Emanuela Gallo, Robert Rockwell, Christopher Goyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


In this paper, the authors describe dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) measurements of mixing and combustion in a direct-connect scramjet combustor operating at equivalent flight Mach typical of the ramjet-scramjet transition, in the scram mode. Measurements were performed in the University of Virginia's scramjet test facility in which the air is heated by electrical resistance heaters. The CARS technique is used to acquire temporally and spatially resolved measurements of temperature and species mole fraction. Measurements were at four planes: one upstream of an H2 fuel injector and three downstream. Contour plots of mean flow and standard deviation statistics are presented for cases with and without reaction of the fuel. The vibrational temperature at the exit of the M = 2 facility nozzle, and in the freestream of the scramjet combustor, is elevated compared with the rotational temperature; the air-N2 vibrational temperature is the same as the facility stagnation temperature. There are spatial nonuniformities of temperature exiting the heater. The mixing of the fuel jet from the single ramp wall injector and the growth of the plume downstream is shown. The flame is attached at the injector and propagates from the wall adjacent to the fuel plume, around the periphery of the plume, before engulfing the whole plume. Computational fluid dynamics modeling shows that the flow can be predicted well using hybrid large-eddy simulation/Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes methods with relatively simple subgrid models, provided facility effects are properly accounted for.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-549
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Propulsion and Power
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Dual-pump coherent anti-stokes raman spectroscopy measurements in a dual-mode scramjet'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this