Dynamics of ribosome composition and ribosomal protein phosphorylation in immune signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana

Anna Siodmak, Federico Martinez-Seidel, Naganand Rayapuram, Jeremie Bazin, Hanna Alhoraibi, Dione Gentry-Torfer, Naheed Tabassum, Arsheed H. Sheikh, José Kenyi González Kise, Ikram Blilou, Martin Crespi, Joachim Kopka, Heribert Hirt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In plants, the detection of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) induces primary innate immunity by the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). We show here that the MAMP-activated MAPK MPK6 not only modulates defense through transcriptional regulation but also via the ribosomal protein translation machinery. To understand the effects of MPK6 on ribosomes and their constituent ribosomal proteins (RPs), polysomes, monosomes and the phosphorylation status of the RPs, MAMP-treated WT and mpk6 mutant plants were analysed. MAMP-activation induced rapid changes in RP composition of monosomes, polysomes and in the 60S ribosomal subunit in an MPK6-specific manner. Phosphoproteome analysis showed that MAMP-activation of MPK6 regulates the phosphorylation status of the P-stalk ribosomal proteins by phosphorylation of RPP0 and the concomitant dephosphorylation of RPP1 and RPP2. These events coincide with a significant decrease in the abundance of ribosome-bound RPP0s, RPP1s and RPP3s in polysomes. The P-stalk is essential in regulating protein translation by recruiting elongation factors. Accordingly, we found that RPP0C mutant plants are compromised in basal resistance to Pseudomonas syringae infection. These data suggest that MAMP-induced defense also involves MPK6-induced regulation of P-stalk proteins, highlighting a new role of ribosomal regulation in plant innate immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11876-11892
Number of pages17
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 27 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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