Effect of imperfect phase and timing synchronization on the error rate performance of PSK modulations

Pavan K. Vitthaladevuni*, Mohamed Slim Alouini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A great deal of attention has been devoted in the recent literature to the study of the symbol error rate (SER) and bit error rate (BER) performance of phase shift keyed (PSK) constellations due to their high spectral efficiency and constant envelope nature. It is well known that an error in phase or timing synchronization affects the probability of correct decisions at the receiver. This problem becomes much more significant as data rates increase and the corresponding symbol durations decrease. In this paper, we look into this problem and analyze the exact SER and BER performance of uniform and hierarchical PSK constellations under imperfect phase or timing synchronization over additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels. These expressions are in the form of a weighted sum of Pawula functions and are solely dependent on the constellation size M, the carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR), the phase/timing error, and for the case of hierarchical constellations a priority vector which controls the relative message importance. Because of their purely exponential dependence on the CNR, these expressions are easily generalizable to fading conditions with and without diversity reception. In addition due to their generic nature, these new expressions readily allow numerical evaluation for various cases of practical interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-360
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
Event56th Vehicular Technology Conference - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Sep 24 2002Sep 28 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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