An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of multilateral jet mixing, using both three and four side-jets, on the structure and stability of turbulent partially-premixed flames. Particle Image Velocimetry and OH*-chemiluminescence were used to study the effects of geometry and operating conditions on the resulting flow-field and reaction zone structures, respectively. These effects were compared under varying ratios of side-jet to primary flow momentum, whilst keeping the bulk flow constant. It was found that the mixing regimes upstream of the nozzle exit affect the flame characteristics, i.e. an impinging regime is likely to generate a lifted flame whilst a backflow regime is likely to generate an attached flame. Unlike the 4 side-jets cases, the OH* images and vrms profiles for the 3 side-jets cases show distinct asymmetry, with intense OH* and low velocity fluctuations on the opposite sides of the fuel injection. It was also found that the flow and scalar fields become independent of the upstream conditions, for both 3 and 4 side-jets, after one diameter downstream of the nozzle exit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry