In the current work, effect of spinning conditions including, take-up speed and air-gap distance and post-treatment methods on the fabrication of cellulose acetate hollow fiber membranes (CA-HFMs) for CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 separations have been reported. The gas permeation results obtained in this work revealed that permeances of gases were decreased with increase in take-up speed from free fall to 12.2 m/min. Meanwhile, gas pair selectivities increased with increasing take-up speed. Subsequently, increment in air-gap distance produced the “V” pattern for gases permeances and “A” pattern of gas pair selectivities for all CA-HFMs spun at different take-up speeds. Therefore, optimum take-up speed and air gap distance of CA-HFMs of 12.2 m/min and 5.0 cm were obtained, respectively. CA-HFM spun at optimum spinning conditions showed the highest CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 ideal selectivities of 7.9 and 6.0, respectively. On the other hand, permeation results also demonstrated that the CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 ideal selectivities of PDMS coated CA-HFMs were higher about 70.9% and 84.1%, respectively, compared to those values obtained from thermally treated CA-HFMs. Therefore, PDMS coating is considered as an effective approach to seal the macro-voids of HFMs compared to the thermal treatment in order to achieve higher permeation performance for CO2 separations. In addition, permeation results also manifested that the CA-HFM fabricated at optimum conditions has incredible worth from the prospective of industrial separations of CO2 from flue and natural gas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics