Effects of high shear on the structure and thickness of turbulent premixed methane/air flames stabilized on a bluff body burner

Gaetano Magnotti, Robert S. Barlow

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The effects of preferential transport and strain on the scalar structure (profiles of major species, elemental ratios, and equivalence ratio) of turbulent premixed bluff-body stabilized flames are examined using lineimaged Raman/Rayleigh/CO-LIF diagnostics combined with crossed-planar Rayleigh imaging to determine the 3D flame orientation. Comparison of the experimental measurements with laminar flow calculations shows strong effects of preferential diffusion on the flame structure and the product state in lean and rich flames. Measurements of the flame orientation show a strong correlation between the flamefront normal angle and the strength of the preferential transport effects. As the flame-front angle decreases (that is increasing the reactant velocity, or decreasing the distance from the surface), the coupling between the preferential diffusion through the flame brush and the recirculation region is increased, enhancing the preferential transport effects. Flame thickness measurements show good agreement (within 3%) with the laminar calculation for fuel lean flames, and .,slow. ( 2.0 m/s reactant velocity) fuel rich flames. The measured thickness for the .,fast. (9.4 m/s reactant velocity.) fuel rich case is 2.4 times larger than the predicted value at 10 mm from the surface and shows a strong dependence on the flame normal angle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
PublisherWestern States Section/Combustion Institute
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781627488426
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013 - Park City, United States
Duration: May 19 2013May 22 2013

Publication series

Name8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013


Other8th US National Combustion Meeting 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPark City

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of high shear on the structure and thickness of turbulent premixed methane/air flames stabilized on a bluff body burner'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this