The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), poses a new threat to soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill (Fabaceae), production in the north central USA. As H. halys continues to spread and increase in abundance in the region, the interaction between H. halys and management tactics deployed for other pests must be determined. Currently, the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is the most abundant and damaging insect pest of soybean in the region. Aphid-resistant soybean, mainly with the Rag1 gene, is commercially available for management of A. glycines. Here, experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of Rag1 aphid-resistant soybean on the mortality, development, and preference of H. halys. In a no-choice test, mortality of H. halys reared on Rag1 aphid-resistant soybean pods was significantly lower than when reared on aphid-susceptible soybean pods (28 vs. 53%). Development time, adult weight, and proportion females of surviving adults did not differ when reared on Rag1 aphid-resistant or aphid-susceptible soybean pods. In choice tests, H. halys exhibited a preference for Rag1 aphid-resistant over aphid-susceptible soybean pods after 4 h, but not after 24 h. Halyomorpha halys exhibited no preference when tested with vegetative-stage or reproductive-stage soybean plants. The preference by H. halys for Rag1 aphid-resistant soybean pods and the decreased mortality when reared on these pods suggests that the use of Rag1 aphid-resistant soybean may favor this emerging pest in the north central USA.