This paper investigates the rate-splitting multiple access (RSMA) transmission design for multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) uplink with EM exposure constraints. Specifically, the transmit covariance matrices and decoding order are optimized at the users and BS, respectively, via utilizing statistical channel state information (CSI) to maximize the energy efficiency (EE). The problem is formulated as non-convex mixed integer program, which is divided into the equivalent two subproblems. We first handle the inner problem by adopting the minorization-maximization (MM) and Dinkelbachs methods. Then, a modified water-filling scheme is proposed to obtain the transmit covariance matrices with fixed decoding permutation. For the outer problem, a greedy approach is proposed to obtain the decoding permutation. Numerical results verify the effectiveness of the proposed EM exposure aware EE maximization scheme for uplink RSMA.