Electrothermal Frequency Modulated Resonator for Mechanical Memory

Md Abdullah Al Hafiz, Lakshmoji Kosuru, Mohammad I. Younis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a mechanical memory device based on the nonlinear dynamics of an electrostatically actuated microelectromechanical resonator utilizing an electrothermal frequency modulation scheme. The microstructure is deliberately fabricated as an in-plane shallow arch to achieve geometric quadratic nonlinearity. We exploit this inherent nonlinearity of the arch and drive it at resonance with minimal actuation voltage into the nonlinear regime, thereby creating softening behavior, hysteresis, and coexistence of states. The hysteretic frequency band is controlled by the electrothermal actuation voltage. Binary values are assigned to the two allowed dynamical states on the hysteretic response curve of the arch resonator with respect to the electrothermal actuation voltage. Set-and-reset operations of the memory states are performed by applying controlled dc pulses provided through the electrothermal actuation scheme, while the read-out operation is performed simultaneously by measuring the motional current through a capacitive detection technique. This novel memory device has the advantages of operating at low voltages and under room temperature. [2016-0043]
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)877-883
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 18 2016


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