Contamination of paddy soils with arsenic (As) poses imminent threat to the environment and public health. This research work explored the effect of goethite-modified biochar (GMBC) on As immobilization in paddy soil and subsequent accumulation in rice grains. The results showed that the soil supplementation with GMBC significantly improved the biomass of rice plants. In addition, the GMBC application effectively decreased the As content in rice grains (0.72–0.16 mg kg−1). Compared with the control, GMBC 1.5% treatment augmented the iron plaque (Fe-plaque) buildup on rice roots and efficiently sequestered the As by 174%, and reduced its uptake in rice tissues. Soil supplementation with GMBC 1.5% greatly enhanced the activities of soil peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) by 90% and 40%, respectively, compared to the control. Moreover, GMBC amendments improved the relative abundance of the soil bacterial communities and minimized the As mobility in the soil. GMBC 1.5% significantly enhanced the abundance of acidobacteria and Firmicutes by 211% and 95% while that of Chloroflexi decreased by 25%, respectively. The findings of the present investigation demonstrated that GMBC could be used as an environment-friendly approach to remediate As polluted paddy soils and minimize its accumulation in rice grains for mitigation of food security risks and protect public health.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Environmental Engineering
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality