EMF-Aware Probabilistic Shaping Design for Hardware-Distorted Communication Systems

Sidrah Javed, Ahmed Elzanaty, Osama Amin, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Basem Shihada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The fifth-generation cellular network requires dense installation of radio base stations (BS) to support the ever-increasing demands of high throughput and coverage. The ongoing deployment has triggered some health concerns among the community. To address this uncertainty, we propose an EMF-aware probabilistic shaping design for hardware-distorted communication systems. The proposed scheme aims to minimize human exposure to radio frequency (RF) radiations while achieving the target throughput using probabilistic shaping. The joint optimization of the transmit power and nonuniform symbol probabilities is a non–convex optimization problem. Therefore, we employ alternate optimization and successive convex approximation to solve the subsequent problems. Our findings reveal a significant reduction in the users’ exposure to EMF while achieving the requisite quality of service with the help of probabilistic shaping in a hardware-distorted communication system.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Communications and Networks
StatePublished - May 30 2022


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