Enhanced power generation in a single-chamber dynamic membrane microbial fuel cell using a nonstructural air-breathing activated carbon fiber felt cathode

Xinyang Li, Guicheng Liu*, Fujun Ma, Shaobin Sun, Siyu Zhou, Ryanda Enggar Anugrah Ardhi, Joong Kee Lee, Hong Yao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

A single-chamber dynamic membrane microbial fuel cell (SC-DM-MFC) that uses an activated carbon fiber felt (ACFF) non-structural air-breathing cathode was designed for enhanced power production. The effect of COD loading rate (based on glucose substrate) on power production by SC-DM-MFC was studied. In order to investigate the impact of natural breeze on the performance of SC-DM-MFC via increased air flow, the effect of cathode fanning was studied. The maximum power density increased with an increase in the loading rate from 0.6 to 2.0 gCOD L−1 d−1 and fanning the cathode improved the power density from 2023 mW m−3 to 4653 mW m−3. This increase is attributed to the unique nonstructural design of the cathode that allows both sides of ACFF to reduce oxygen in ambient air. Furthermore, the performance of SC-DM-MFC and a dual-chamber dynamic membrane microbial fuel cell (DC-DM-MFC) was compared. In the comparison test, seafood-processing wastewater was used as a substrate because of its high conductivity, biodegradable properties, and rich nutrient content that make it suitable for the growth of electrogenic bacteria. The results show that it is feasible to generate power in DM-MFCs using seafood wastewater and that SC-DM-MFC performs significantly better than DC-DM-MFC. Enhanced power production can be achieved by using an air-breathing ACFF cathode with nonstructural properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-104
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2018

Keywords

  • Activated carbon fiber felts
  • Dynamic membranes
  • Nonstructural cathodes
  • Single-chamber MFCs
  • Up-flow mode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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