Evolutionary Algorithms for 5G Multi-Tier Radio Access Network Planning

Hassana Ganame, Liu Yingzhuang, Aymen Hamrouni, Hakim Ghazzai, Hua Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


With the ever-increasing traffic demand of wireless users, resulting from the huge deployment of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices and the emergence of smart city applications requiring ultra-low latency networks, the Fifth Generation (5G) of cellular networks have been introduced as a revolutionary broadband technology to boost the quality of service of mobile users. In this paper, we investigate the planning process for a 5G radio access network having mmWave Micro Remote Radio Units (mRRUs) on top of sub-6 GHz Macro Remote Radio Units (MRRUs). We rely on proper channel models and link budgets as well as Urban Macro-cells (UMa) and Urban Micro-cells (UMi) characteristics to carefully formulate a 5G network planning optimization problem. We aim to jointly determine the minimum number of MRRUs and mRRUs to install and find their locations in a given geographical area while fulfilling coverage and user traffic demand constraints. In order to solve this planning process, we propose a two-step process where we first employ a low complexity meta-heuristic algorithm to optimize the locations of RRUs followed by an iterative elimination method to remove redundant cells. To evaluate the performances of this proposed approach, we conduct a comparative study using Accelerated Particle Swarm Optimization and Simulated Annealing. Simulations results using sub-6 GHz UMa and 28 GHz UMi demonstrate the ability of the proposed planning approach to achieve more than 98% coverage with minimum cell capacity outage rate, not exceeding the 2%, for different scenarios and illustrate the efficiency of the evolutionary algorithms in solving this NP-hard problem in reasonable running time.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30386-30403
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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