In this work, TiO2-coupled N-doped porous perovskite-type LaFeO3 nanocomposites as highly efficient, cheap, stable, and visible-light photocatalysts have successfully been prepared via wet chemical processes. It is shown that the amount-optimized nanocomposite exhibits exceptional visible-light photocatalytic activities for 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) degradation by ∼3-time enhancement and for CO2 conversion to fuels by ∼4-time enhancement, compared to the resulting porous LaFeO3 with rather high photoactivity due to its large surface area. It is clearly demonstrated, by means of various experimental data, especially for the ·OH amount evaluation, that the obviously enhanced photoactivities are attributed to the increased specific surface area by introducing pores, to the extended visible-light absorption by doping N to create surface states, and to the promoted charge transfer and separation by coupling TiO2. Moreover, it is confirmed from radical trapping experiments that the photogenerated holes are the predominant oxidants in the photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-DCP. Furthermore, a possible photocatalytic degradation mechanism for 2,4-DCP is proposed mainly based on the resultant crucial intermediate, 2-chlorosuccinic acid with m/z = 153, that readily transform into CO2 and H2O. This work opens up a new feasible route to synthesize visible-light-responsive high-activity perovskite-type nanophotocatalysts for efficient environmental remediation and energy production. (Chemical Equation Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry