Exploring High Tower Base Stations with Multi-User Massive MIMO for Rural Connectivity

Ammar El Falou, Mohamed Slim Alouini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The digital divide is a key issue worldwide. Almost 3 billion people, mainly in rural areas, are still not connected. In this paper, we explore the capability of high towers base station (HTBS) with massive multiple input multiple output (mMIMO) in offering low-cost rural connectivity. We previously showed the benefits of HTBS in the downlink. We focus in this work on the uplink (UL) where we compute the UL data rate per user for different values of transmit effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Our results show that the HTBS solution is viable as relatively good user UL rates are achieved with reasonable EIRPs. This is of high interest for covering rural areas, characterized by low population densities and a low number of active users, as the coverage is their main constraint, rather than the capacity as in urban areas. Techno-economical aspects such as the recommended frequency for HTBS, the number of covered persons, the average population density of covered rural areas, and potential low-cost locations for HTBS are provided. Non-technological challenges for the HTBS solution are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2023 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, BlackSeaCom 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages324-329
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350337822
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event2023 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, BlackSeaCom 2023 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: Jul 4 2023Jul 7 2023

Publication series

Name2023 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, BlackSeaCom 2023

Conference

Conference2023 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, BlackSeaCom 2023
Country/TerritoryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period07/4/2307/7/23

Keywords

  • Digital Divide
  • High Towers Base Stations
  • Massive MIMO
  • Rural Connectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Media Technology

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